Seshat was known as the “mistress of measure”.


Initially, she gifted time to humanity which was governed by the female cycle. Here we are reminded that a woman’s period makes its presence felt every 28 days just like the Moon’s. So the Greek metra meaning “uterus” gave birth to the primal meter that we use in all forms of measurement. Indeed, many words expressing time come from this one: metronome, chronometer and so on.

Above: the uterine clock above Seshat’s head

Seshat was a Nubian name derived from Safeket which referred to the number seven. This green star growing from her head was also nod to papyrus, the wetland sedge used to make paper (Seshat was known as “the lady of letters”). At its most fundamental then, seven is a temporal number which informs the feminine, lunar cycle.

As a reminder of this, a frog is seated on a shenu at top representing fertility. While this ring is a solar reference, in this case it refers to the annual flooding of the Nile and the rebirth of time. Indeed, nocturnal frog croaks serenaded the rejuvenated Nile as it flooded every spring like a uterine clock. The symbolism of the frog stems from the tadpole’s similarity to human seed. Sperm is the “fertilizer” that brings about lifeall types of abundance are attributed to Heqet and Horus.

Once upon a time, the flood of the Nile started in Philae at the beginning of June with a steady increase until the middle of July, when the flow of water became greater still. The river continued to rise until the beginning of September, when the level remained stationary for a period of about three weeks. In October it often rose again and reached its highest level. From this period on it began to subside.

Above: Seshat cuts the chord of time from the womb of the cosmos

In the tarot card above, the corner figures represent the four fixed signs of the Zodiac—Scorpio, Aquarius, Leo and Taurus. They are symbolic of the four seasons and the four compass points. They are here to guide us from one phase to the next, bringing balance and harmony to our journey. The serpent has the colouring of the leopardess, indicating a balance between darkness and light.

Behind Seshat, in the background, is a Möbius strip. This is a surface with only one side (when embedded in three-dimensional Euclidean space) and only one boundary. It has several curious properties—a line drawn starting from the seam down the middle meets back at the seam, but at the other side in a figure eight pattern. If continued, the line meets the starting point and is double the length of the original strip. This single continuous curve shows that the Möbius strip, despite having only one boundary, can express time and space as conjoined opposites:

Time gives birth to space as discussed here and remains a more challenging medium to work with. This is because time requires an appreciation of implied wholes and cyclic patterns in order to reflect cosmic order. Space on the other hand, is focussed on linear parts and extant distances and uses words like perimeter and diameter. While this may seem odd, we remind you how Seshat’s Flower and Thoth’s Cube together yield timespace.

The temporal alignment of monuments was certainly important, associated with the conjunction of heavenly bodies. Seshat was responsible for establishing a proper relationship with time in society, or bringing it into harmony with the order of the universe. The “stretching of the cord” ritual reinforced the fact that the Earth was a temporal and spacial reflection of the heavens. Nowhere was this better illustrated than in the orientations and dimensions of Egyptian temples:

Above: an interpretation of Denderah’s zodiac

The leopardess was sacred to Seshat because her yellow and black colouring was a reminder of Sirius. Indeed, temple reliefs often show Seshat covered in five-pointed stars—a reference to Sopdet and her temporal influence over the Royal Calendar. The headband Seshat wears connects her third eye to the capstone of the pyramid behind her. Her red waist band reminds us of a woman’s temporal period. Finally, her right foot is slightly advanced, indicating left brain dominance.

Time destroys all things—reducing mountains to rubble, oceans to deserts and civilisations to sand. Like a leopardess leaping from a tree at night, she is silent, invisible and deadly. A woman’s period, therefore, feels like a death of sorts that can include stomach cramps, sore breasts and chronic headaches.

Sadly, a woman has a finite amount of ova. Like an egg timer that ends in menopause, she will eventually face infertility. This waxing and waning described by the maiden, mother, cougar, crone cycle is a painful reminder of the ticking clock that all women must endure.

Above: was the measurement of time ever open to interpretation?

So Seshat is the mother of time and the silent witness to the passing of the seasons. She resides within every woman, where her heinous presence is felt every month. Despite being a symbol of death, Seshat has inspired maidens to become mothers for thousands of years.