The Throne Goddess

Here’s a further look at the pyramids:

Notice that there are two golden mean rectangles that are in golden mean proportion to each other. At first glance this is an unusual arrangement that appears to lack any artistic merit. If we add clockwise Fibonacci spirals inside the rectangles however, it seems to yield a serpent:

This snake hints at the Rod of Asclepius. As an ancient symbol of medicine, it consisted of a serpent coiled clockwise around a rod. Asclepius was the god of healing. His followers were some of the first priests who were also formally trained as physicians in the medical arts. They were also some of the most prized astronomers of their day and often instructed the pharaohs in the movement of the stars.

Bearing this in mind, the snake also has a heavenly reference. In astronomy, an analemma is a time exposure that shows the movement of the Sun overhead. It was once known as the Serpent in the Sky. You can create an analemma by keeping a camera at a fixed aspect and location and taking dozens of photos throughout the year:

What history doesn’t record, however, is that the Rod of Asclepius was actually a gnomon, or the part of a sundial that casts a shadow. This simple stick was used for a variety of purposes—in this case it was used to measure the annual path of the Sun across the ground. Examining this in more detail yields the solstices and equinoxes:

A serpent wrapped around a rod therefore, symbolises the path of the Sun from the shadow of a gnomon. Created by a sceptre once used by early astronomers, it is hard to imagine a simpler method of measuring time. Although a basic device, it was used in Egypt for thousands of years and informed observers of the difference between apparent solar time and mean solar time.

Apparent solar time is measured by the natural course of the Sun in the sky. Mean solar time is the theoretical cadence of the Sun if it traveled at a constant speed throughout the year—rather than its actual velocity that varies with the seasons. The difference between apparent and mean solar time is known as the equation of time. This comes from the medieval Latin aequātiō diērum, meaning “equation of days”.

Above: mean solar time was also known as “clock time”

For thousands of years, the right time was accurately shown by a sundial. When good mechanical clocks were introduced, they agreed with sundials only four times a year, so the equation of time was used to “correct” their readings. In the graph below, a sundial will appear fast relative to a clock (above the x-axis) and slow (beneath) it:

So the apparent Sun and the mean Sun may be as much as 16 minutes apart because the motion of the solar disc against the background of the stars speeds up and slows down annually. There are two reasons for this. Firstly, the Earth’s orbit is not circular and she moves at slightly different speeds in different seasons. Secondly, the Earth’s axis is tilted relative to the plane of her orbit.

So why did the sundial we call the Was sceptre have a head on it? Well, the “zenith pass” was a moment when the Sun was directly overhead and cast no shadow whatsoever. Because the sceptre was a hand-held device, it meant that the shadow of the bearer’s hand obstructed the result on the ground. The solution was to put a head on it—at the moment of the zenith pass it would be the same length as the shadow:

The Sun therefore, is a solar deity who moves very much like a snake in the sky. Birds of prey also describe a serpentine motion as they wheel overhead. The head of the sceptre (Set) deals with the translation from light to darkness. Is there anything in the human body that resembles the path of the Sun on the ground?

Well, the human neck contains the hyoid bone. Unlike other cartilage, the “herald bone” is separated by muscles and ligaments and appears to “float” in the neck. In reality, it is anchored by muscles from the anterior, posterior and inferior directions and aids in tongue movement and swallowing. The name hyoid is derived from Greek hyoeides, meaning “shaped like the letter upsilon,” expressed below in the arms of Isis:

The hyoid apparatus is also well-developed in snakes. Here it usually extends to the tenth cervical vertebra, allowing the tongue to be extremely mobile. This enables the snake to breathe directly through its glottis even while swallowing prey. The hyoid is attached to the lower jaw, tongue and throat muscles which means the snake is extremely sensitive to sound.

On one level, Giza was designed like a gigantic shadow from an imaginary gnomon. But the Egyptians realised something deeper—that this shadow had golden mean properties. Referencing the second image from top, we can now create a mirror of this pattern. Suddenly, the path made by the serpentine Sun is reflected in the curves of Isis:

Above: can you see the implied Ankh within her arms?

So Isis was a winged goddess associated with the black kite. The mournful calls of this bird sounded like grieving women to the ancient Egyptians. The kite’s scavenging for carrion resembled her search for the scattered pieces of Osiris. The wings of Isis then, are symbolic of this airborne predator and reflect the devoted nature of her voice.

Above: the Throne of Isis

So this “call of love” then, echos the sacred resonance of the universe. We can feel this passion in our hearts—for our loved ones and the work we do upon this Earth. Isis was the Madonna—the virgin mother or “goddess of protection” whose unconditional love gave birth to the cosmos.

Her metaphysical significance then, is ex nihilo—the universe created out of nothing.